While American society is heavily secularized, it retains a lot of the theoretical framework that has its origins in Christianity. One of the strongest (and paradoxically most overlooked) is that of Calvinism.
Calvinism (or Reformed Christianity as it's sometimes styled) holds that God's favor can be known in this life by visible, tangible signs. The Elect or Anointed are there for everyone to see - their prosperity, good looks, life advantages - are proof of God's blessing. This religious view has been secularized into a "meritocracy" where the people born into wealth and privilege are owed it through their own merit.
There are several heresies involved in this worldview and it is in direct conflict with the traditional (that is Catholic/Orthodox) view that the mortal life is but preparation for what comes after. Devout, believing and beloved children of God may suffer terribly in mortal life, but that is part of their purification. To the meritocrats and the Calvinists, there is no benefit to suffering in the here and now. Bad things happening are instead a call for immediate purification so that blessings can return.
This view permeates our language and our discourse, and right now it is at a fever pitch.
I find it fascinating that abortion proponents constantly speak of women being "punished" with a child as a consequence of having sex. There is genuine outrage that men don't give birth and have to bear the same burden. Despite many different and effective ways to prevent pregnancy, there is a fanatical devotion to this secular sacrament, which is seen as the last line of defense for ultimate individual autonomy.
Of course, no one gets pregnant alone, and not too long ago, there was a reason sex was supposed to take place after marriage (or at least after betrothal). A "ruined woman" was seen as fitting punishment for immorality.
The legalization of abortion was therefore a welcome liberation from the "oppression" of biology. Women could now be as immoral as the wanted.
Similarly, when the AIDS epidemic swept through the homosexual community, the same people insisted that one could not even think it was divine judgement. A sexually transmitted disease that was most easily spread through religiously proscribed sexual behavior was simply a thing that happened and enormous resources would have to be expended not only to cure it, but in the interim, the risk-taking behavior could not be curbed.
It's interesting to note that the State of California has decriminalized passing the disease to a sexual partner without their consent. No harm, no foul.
In both these cases, cause and effect are irrelevant, and all right-thinking people" know that to draw lines indicating how immoral behavior can beget negative consequences is hateful nonsense.
Thus it is interesting to see how one's Covid vaccination status has become a great exception to this belief. Unvaccinated (or maskless) people who die of the disease are widely mocked as getting what they deserve.
It's divine judgement, and cause and effect are now operative.
My point by the way is not to highlight hypocrisy, but to note that in all three instances, the underlying framework remains Calvinist. In the first two examples, the goal is to escape punishment, which is presumably not from God but rather from the Devil. Women not being able to abort children is evil, an infringement on their God-given freedom to have absolute control over their bodies.
Similarly the AIDS epidemic could not be permitted to change the homosexual lifestyle because freedom is the highest value, even above stopping a once-incurably fatal disease.
Yet now the righteousness is on the other side, with anti-vaxxers being justly struck down for their impiety.
While the examples are contemporary, the issue is not new.
G.K. Chesterton's writing reveals that this mentality has been around for a while, chiefly being a function of unprecedented prosperity. People can draw various philosophical lines on how thought progressed, but the key ingredient was leisure time and increased material comfort.
Evelyn Waugh's dark satires of the Smart Set illustrated the moral bankruptcy, and it was not until his later work that he began to look at how religious people can co-exist in this environment.
I plan on incorporating this into my writing on the spirit world. As others long before me have pointed out, unbelievers don't necessary lack faith, they simply place it before something besides God.